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June 15, 2013

Some Useful Abbreviations in Computers

An abbreviation (from Latin brevis, meaning short) is a shortened form of a word or phrase. Usually, but not always, it consists of a letter or group of letters taken from the word or phrase. For example, the word abbreviation can itself be represented by the abbreviation abbr., abbrv. or abbrev.

Following Abbreviations or full forms are very useful to exams like banking,S.S.C. and UPSC .

ASCII - American Standard Code For Information Interchange
ALGOL - Algorithmic Language
AC - Alternate Current
ACPI - Advanced Configuration and Power Interface
ALU - Arithmetic Logical Unit
ANSI - American National Standard Institute
APM - Advanced Power Management
ASIC - Application Specific Integrated Circuit
ABC - Atanasoff Berry Computer
ATM - Asynchronous Transfer Mode
BBS - Bulletin Board System
BCC - Block Character Check
BNC - Boyonet Nut Connector
BIOS - Basic Input/Output System
BSC - Binary Synchronous Communication
BCD - Binary Coded Decimal
BCC - Blind Carbon Copy
BASIC - Beginners All Purpose Symbolic Instruction Code
CAD - Computer Aided Design
CAM - Computer Aided Manufacturing
CDROM - Compact Disk Read Only Memory
CGA - Color Graphics Array
CMOS - Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor
CPU - Central Processing Unit
CPI - Clock Per Instruction
CRC - Cyclic Redundancy Check
CRT - Cathode Ray Tube
CSS - Cascading Style Sheet
CC - Carbon Copy
CAN - Campus Area Network
DEC - Digital Equipment Corporation
DRAM - Dynamic Random Access Memory
DAT - Digital Audio Tape
DC - Direct Current
DD - Double Density
DDR - Double Data Rate
DMA - Direct Memory Access
DOS - Disk Operating System
DTR - Data Terminal Ready
DML - Data Maipulation Language
DDL - Data Definition Language
DCL - Data Control Language
DBMS - Database Management System
DSL - Digital Subscriber Line
DBA - Data Base Administrator
DFD - Data Flow Diagram
EBCDIC - Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code
EC - Error Check
ECC - Error Check And Correction
EOF - End Of File
EOL - End Of Line
EPP - Enhanced Parallel Port
ESD - Electro-Static Discharge
ESCD - Extended System Configuration Data
FAT - File Allocation Table
FCC - Federal Communication Commission
FDD - Floppy Disk Drive
FDDI - Fiber Distributed Data Interface
FDM - Frequency Divison Multiplexing
FDX - Full-Duplex Transmission
FE - Front End
FIFO - First-In First-Out
FILO - First-In Last-Out
FM - Frequency Modulation
FTP - File Transfer Protocol
GUI - Graphical User Interface
GIF - Graphics Interchange Format
GPRS - General Packet Radio service
GSM - Global System For Mobile
HDD - Hard Disk Drive
HPFS - High Performance File System
HDX - Half-Duplex Transmission
HREF - Hyper Reference
HTTP - Hyper Text Transfer Protocol
HTTPS - Hyper Text Transfer Protocol Secure
HTML - Hypertext Markup Language
I/O - Input/Output
IBM - International Business Machine
IMP - Interface Message Processor
IPC - Inter Process Communication
IRQ - Interrupt Request
ISDN - Integrated Services Digital Network
ISO - International Standard Organization
IC - Integrated Circuit
LAN - Local Area Network
LCD - Liquid Crystal Display
LED - Light Emitting Diode
LSI - Large Scale Integration
LSB - Least Significant Bit
LUN - Logical Unit Number
MAN - Metropolitan Area Network
MB/Mb - Mega Byte/mega bit
MBR - Master Boot Record
MICR - Magnetic Ink Character Recognition
MCGA - Multi Color Graphics Array
MIMD - Multiple-Instruction Multiple Data
MIPS - Millions Instruction Per Second
MISD - Multiple Instruction Single Data
MODEM - Modulator-Demodulator
MOPS - Millions Of Operations Per Second
MOS - Metal Oxide Semiconductor
MS - Microsoft
MSI - Medium Scale Integration
MIME - Multipurpose Internet Mail Extension
NVRAM - Non-Volatile Random Access memory
NT - New Technology
NTFS - New Technology File System
OCR - Optical Character Recognition
OMR - Optical Mark Reader
ODI - Open Data Link Interface
OS - Operating System
OSF - Open System Interconnect
OSI - Open System Interconnection
OEM - Original Equipment Manufacturer
PB - Peta Byte
PC - Personal Computer
PCB - Printed Circuit Board
PCI - Peripheral Component Interconnect
PMOS - Positively Doped Metal Oxide Semiconductor
PNP - Plug-and-Play
POST - Power On self Test
PPP - Point-To-Point protocol
PSTN - Public Switched Telephone network
PNG - Portable Network Graphics
PDA - Personal Digital Assistant
RAID - Redundant Array of Inexpensive Disk
RISC - Reduced Instructions Set Computer
RMS - Root Mean Squared
RPC - Remote Procedure Call
RTC - Real Time Clock
RTS - Request To Send
RDBMS - Relational Database Management System
RAR - Roshal Archieve
SIM - Subscriber Identity Module
SCSI - Small Computer System Interface
SDRAM - Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory
SIMM - Single Inline Memory Module
SMT - Surface Mount Technology
STDM - Synchronous Time Divison Multiplexing
SMD - Surface Mount Device
TCP/IP - Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol
TDMA - Time Divison Multiple Access
TFT - Thin Film Transistor
TTL - Transistor-Transistor Logic
TIF - Transferred Image File
TIFF - Tagged Image File Format
TCL - Transaction Control Language
TI - Texas Instrument
UDP - User Datagram protocol
UDDI - Universal Description Discovery and Integration
UPS - Uniterrupted Power Supply
USB - Universal Serial Bus
ULSI - Ultra Large Scale Integration
UTP - Unshielded Twisted pair
VBE - Video BIOS Extension
VCR - Vodeo Cassette Recorder
VESA - Video Enhanced Standards Association
VGA - Video Graphics Array
VLSI - Very Large Scale Integration
VIRUS - Vital Information Resources Under Siege
VPN - Virtual Private Network
WAN - Wide Area Network
WORM - Write Once Read Many
WMAP - Wireless Message Access Protocol
WI-FI - Wireless-Fidelity
WIMAX - World Wide Interoperability For Microwave Access
SQL - Structured Query Language
STP - Shielded Twisted Pair
SAN - Storage Area Network
SMTP - Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
SNMP - Simple Network Mangement Protocol
SDSL - Symmetric Digital Subscriber Line
SDLC - Software Development Life Cycle
XGA - Extended Graphics Array
XOR - Exclusive-OR
XMS - Extended Memory Specification
XT - Extended Technlogy
ZIF - Zero Insertion Force

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